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Vaping and the FDA: An Updated Timeline

Vaping became, and continues to be, a confusing activity in the United States when it was deemed the same as using other tobacco products. Unauthorized vapes continue to be sold online and in many stores across the country, the FDA regularly issues warnings and fines to retailers, yet vaping hasn’t been federally banned by the government. 

We decided to take a look at the state of vaping in the U.S. in 2024, including which devices are being legally sold in 2024, what the FDA is doing to regulate the industry, and what the changes of the past few years mean for vapers nationwide. 

Unauthorized Vapes: PMTAs Explained

You might have seen news stories about unauthorized e-cigarettes still being sold in 2023/24. But if vaping hasn’t been banned, why are vape devices being labeled as not authorized? It’s all to do with PMTAs. 

Before introducing a new tobacco product to the U.S. market, a company must submit a marketing application to the FDA and receive authorization. This is the Pre-Market Tobacco Application (PMTA,) a lengthy, complex, and potentially expensive process that must provide scientific evidence that a product is appropriate for the protection of public health. 

PMTAs were introduced in 2016 to coincide with the passing of the Deeming Rule. The Deeming Rule was the amendment to the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act that gave the FDA powers to regulate e-cigarettes, e-liquids, and many ENDS components as new tobacco products.

A New Tobacco Product is defined by the FDA as “any product not commercially marketed in the U.S. as of Feb. 15, 2007, or the modification of a tobacco product where the modified product was commercially marketed in the U.S. after Feb. 15, 2007,” it meant that every modern vape device or e-liquid, and even some vape components, required a PMTA, while almost every type of cigarette or traditional tobacco product was “grandfathered” (made exempt from the same requirements.)

Preparing a PMTA for even a single product is expensive. It’s not a process that will take just a few days (or even weeks) due to the reams of information required, including scientific studies and detailed product descriptions. The cost of preparing a single PMTA for a vape product has been estimated (by the FDA and others) as anywhere from $100,000 to well over $1 million. 

The FDA’s simplified guidance on preparing a PMTA suggests that the following will be needed: 

  • Full reports of all information published or known to, or which should reasonably be known to, the applicant concerning investigations that have been made to show the health risks of such tobacco products and whether such tobacco product presents less risk than other tobacco products.
  • Full statement of the components, ingredients, additives, and properties, and of the principle or principles of operation.
  • Full description of the methods used in, and the facilities and controls used for, the manufacture, processing, and when relevant, packing and installation.
  • An identifying reference to any tobacco product standard, if applicable. If so, either:
    • Adequate information to show that such aspect of such tobacco product fully meets such tobacco product standard, or
    • Adequate information to justify any deviation from such standard.
  • Samples of the tobacco product as required.
  • Specimens of proposed labeling and description of marketing plans.

Non-Tobacco Nicotine Products loophole

The Tobacco Control Act and the Deeming Rule were aimed at controlling tobacco products and tobacco-derived nicotine. The new legislation was worded in such a way that a loophole was left for some vape brands to exploit: Non-Tobacco Nicotine (NTN) or Synthetic Nicotine. 

Companies that could prove that they only used synthetic nicotine fell outside of the new regulations and were able to continue to sell vapes and vape liquids even without an accepted PMTA. This led to a profusion of NTN products being launched by more than 200 separate brands. 

The NTN loophole was eventually closed on April 14, 2022, after a bill was passed in Congress to amend the TCA to include “nicotine derived from any origin,” rather than only nicotine derived from tobacco plants. 

E-cigarette Marketing Granted Orders (MGOs)

To be legally marketed and sold in the U.S., a tobacco product must receive a Marketing Granted Order following a successful PMTA. Since the passing of the Deeming Rule, this also includes e-cigarettes and related products. 

Only 23 marketing orders were granted for e-cigarette products in 2022 and none in 2023. Those authorized products are all from just three brands. That means, as of the beginning of 2024, the only e-cigarette products authorized to be legally sold in the U.S. are: 


  • Logic Regular Cartridge/Capsule Package 
  • Logic Vapeleaf Cartridge/Capsule Package 
  • Logic Vapeleaf Tobacco Vapor System 
  • Logic Pro Tobacco e-Liquid Package 
  • Logic Pro Capsule Tank Device x 2
  • Logic Power Tobacco e-Liquid Package 
  • Logic Power Rechargeable Kit

About Logic

Logic Technology Development LLC is ultimately owned by Japan Tobacco Inc, one of the biggest tobacco companies in the world, with an annual turnover of more than $20 billion a year. In 2015, the company’s Canadian subsidiary, JTI-Macdonald Corp, was named in the largest class-action lawsuit in Canadian history. The company was eventually ordered to pay CA$ 2 billion in damages to help cover healthcare costs caused by smoking.


  • NJOY DAILY Rich Tobacco 4.5% 
  • NJOY DAILY EXTRA Rich Tobacco 6% 
  • NJOY ACE Device 
  • NJOY ACE POD Classic Tobacco 2.4% 
  • NJOY ACE POD Classic Tobacco 5% 
  • NJOY ACE POD Rich Tobacco 5%

About NJOY

NJOY, one of the first major American e-cigarette brands, has been around since 2007. It is best known for producing devices that mimic the size and shape of cigarettes (often called “cig-a-like” vapes,) such as the NJOY King. It is now wholly owned by the Altria Group (formerly Phillip Morris Companies, Inc.), one of the largest and most profitable U.S. tobacco companies. 

On the 27th of April 2022, NJOY Ace officially became the first closed system e-cig device and the first electronic atomization featuring ceramic coil to be approved by the FDA for a PMTA.


  • Vuse Vibe Device x 2
  • Vuse Vibe Tank Original 3.0% 
  • Vuse Ciro Device x 2
  • Vuse Ciro Cartridge Original 1.5% 
  • Vuse Solo Device
  • Vuse Replacement Cartridge Original 4.8% G1 
  • Vuse Replacement Cartridge Original 4.8% G2

About Vuse

The Vuse brand is part of Reynolds American (the second-largest U.S. tobacco company) but is ultimately owned by British American Tobacco. BAT is the largest tobacco company in the world, with annual revenues exceeding $27 billion. The tobacco giant has been involved in numerous controversies, including targetting advertising towards youth in Africa, oversupplying European markets, and most recently, allowing (or not preventing) the sale of cigarettes by a subsidiary to North Korea against U.S. sanctions. 

FDA Enforcement Actions in 2023 and 2024

There was a considerable lag between the decision to include ENDS in legislation with other tobacco products in 2016, and vape brands having their PMTAs assessed and either approved or denied. During this time, in PMTA-limbo, vapes of all kinds were legally allowed to be sold. 

The FDA says that 99% of the 26 million deemed product applications have now been processed. This includes nearly one million applications from Non-Tobacco Nicotine (NTN) products. Since the beginning of 2023, this has resulted in a significant rise in enforcement action. 




  • CMP complaints were issued to four e-cigarette manufacturers: BAM Group LLC, Great American Vapes LLC, The Vapor Corner Inc., and 13 Vapor Co. LLC.



  • MDOs issued for 6,500 flavored e-liquid and e-cigarette products submitted by 10 manufacturers, including Imperial Vapors LLC, Savage Enterprises, Big Time Vapes, SWT Global Supply Inc., Great Lakes Vapor, DNA Enterprise LLC dba Mech Sauce, Absolute Vapor Inc., and ECBlend LLC.
  • Marketing denied to over 250 flavored and tobacco-flavored e-liquids.
  • Warning letters were issued to two vape brands for popular disposable products: Shenzhen Innokin Technology Co. Ltd. (Esco Bars) and Breeze Smoke, LLC (Breeze.)
  • More than 30 warning letters were issued to retailers/manufacturers for selling unauthorized products, including Puff and Hyde brand disposable e-cigarettes. 



  • MDO issued for MyBlu menthol e-cigarette product: myblu Menthol 2.4%.
  • Warning letters were issued to three distributors for selling or distributing unauthorized e-cigarette products, including Elf Bar/EB Design, Esco Bars, and Puff Max.


  • A warning letter was issued to Amarillo Snuff Co. for manufacturing, selling, and/or distributing unauthorized smokeless nicotine products.
  • Warning letters were issued to 15 online retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products designed to look like youth-appealing characters, school supplies, toys, and drinks.


  • Warning letters were issued to 18 retailers/distributors for selling or distributing unauthorized e-cigarette products, including Elf Bar, EB Design, Lava, Cali, Bang, and Kangertech.
  • CMP complaints were issued to 22 retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products, mainly Elf Bar/EB Design. 


  • Marketing approval was denied for six Vuse Alto e-cigarette products: Three menthol-flavored and three mixed berry-flavored products, each in three nicotine strengths.


  • Warning letter issued to Nic Nac Naturals, LLC., for the marketing of unauthorized dissolvable nicotine products: Nicotine Mints (various flavors and strengths.) 
  • Warning letters were issued to seven online retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products, including Elf Bar, EB Design, Bang, Cali Bars, and Lava.
  • Warning letters were issued to seven online retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products designed to look like youth-appealing toys and drink containers, including milk cartons, soft drink bottles, and slushies.


  • A permanent injunction was sought (with the DoJ) against the owners of Vape Junkie Ejuice for manufacturing, selling, and distributing unauthorized e-cigarette products.
  • CMP complaints were issued to 25 online and brick-and-mortar retailers for the illegal sale of e-cigarette products, including Elf Bar, EB Design, and other e-cigarette products.
  • Warning letters were issued to 11 online retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products, including Lost Mary, Funky Republic/Funky Lands, Elf Bar/EB Design, Kangvape, Cali, and Breeze.
  • 1.4 million units of unauthorized e-cigarette products seized (in collaboration with U.S. Customs and Border Protection) worth an estimated $18 million, including Elf Bar/EB Design, Lost Mary, Funky Republic, RELX Pod, and IPLAY Max.
  • Warning letters were issued to three online retailers for selling unauthorized Luckee Vape Daniels e-cigarette products designed to look like bottles of alcohol. 




  • Warning letters were issued to 14 online retailers for unauthorized e-cigarette products, including Elf Bar/EB Design, Lava Plus, Funky Republic/Funky Lands, Lost Mary, Cali Bars, Cali Plus, and Kangvape.
  • CMP complaints were issued to numerous brick-and-mortar retailers for selling Elf Bar disposable e-cigarettes. 
  • Warning letters were issued to five online retailers for selling unauthorized disposable e-cigarettes, including Elf Bar/EB Design/EB Create, Funky Republic, Lost Mary, Hyde, Breeze, and Cali Bars.


  • Warning letters issued to 61 brick and mortar retailers for selling unauthorized e-cigarette products. These products included disposable vapes from Elf Bar/EB Design and Lava.


State-level Vape Bans

Although the changes in government legislation and the disinclination by the FDA to authorize all but a handful of devices might feel like a ban, neither the sale of vapes nor vaping is currently banned federally in the United States. 

However, states and even individual cities do have the power to impose bans on vaping. This can include restrictions on where vaping is allowed, bans on physical or online sales, or bans on flavors other than tobacco or menthol. 

You can read more about state-level bans in our Guide to U.S. and International Vape Bans.

Russ Ware Author Picture 2

Russ Ware

Russ is a UK-based Staff Writer for Versed Vaper who has been in journalism for more than two decades, having previously written for tech publications like Lifewire. He tried vaping in 2015 but the setup that he was using wasn’t quite right and so he didn’t enjoy it at first. However, after going back and forth between vaping and smoking for a couple of years, he started experimenting with different coils, power levels, and mixing his own vape juice. The rest is history and Russ has been a devoted vaper ever since. Russ is a passionate writer and he produces reviews, news, and well-researched informational articles for our site. When Russ is not testing or writing about vapes, he likes to travel, read true crime, and eat anything with lots of chilies.

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